China’s One Child Policy is infamous around the world. It’s been a leading factor in the hundreds of thousands of girls adopted internationally from that country since 1991.
But now a Chinese Foundation is urging the Chinese Government to change the strictly enforced policy by 2015 to permit urban families have two children. And there are signs that this change be this time be implemented. CBC Radio produced an interesting half hour documentary that looks at the impact the One Child Policy on China’s current demographics and the possibility that change is indeed on the way.
But is there a social crisis looming in China’s future if the Official One Child Policy doesn’t change? The Policy was put in place to deal with overcrowding and limited resources in a country that now holds an estimated 1.3 billion people. Yet some say that China’s current reverse population pyramid, where a young married couple must eventually care for two sets of aging parents and four sets of grandparents just isn’t sustainable.
The twenty minute long radio documentary, hosted by CBC’s Anna Maria Tremonti, includes discussions with demographers, academics and regular Chinese people who’ve grown up as only children under the One Child Policy. Their concerns about how they won’t be able to help care for their aging parents as they move away for work opportunities is one of the more touching parts of the documentary. The doc then looks at how this policy change would affect not just China, but the whole world- and checks into how other countries are dealing with their own dropping birth rates and growing older demographics.
You can listen to this 20 minute radio documentary on CBC Radio’s The Current: